Nouns – are name words, could be name of persons, places, things or events.
SAMPLE STORY – “Events”
It was Pet’s Day in school. The 2nd grade pupils took their favorite animal pets to school. The classes had a Show-and-Tell Time. Most of the pupils had pet dogs. A few had a pet, birds. The birds were in little cages. A boy showed and talked about his pet hamster. How happy the children were on Pet’s Day.
PLURAL NOUNS ENDING WITH -S AND -ES
Nouns can be ONE or MORE THAN ONE.
Singular Nouns – Nouns that mean only ONE person, place, thing, animal or event.
Plural Nouns – Nouns that mean MORE THAN ONE/Several names of persons, places, things, animals or events.
RULES IN PLURALIZING NOUNS:
SINGULAR TO FORM PLURAL
- Most singular nouns Add -s
Ex. plate-plates, melon-melons
- Nouns ending with -s, -ss, -x, -z, -ch, -sh Add -es
Ex. bush-bushes, match-matches
- Nouns ending with a consonant and y Change y to i and add -es
Ex. bunny-bunnies, fairy-fairies
- Nouns ending with a vowel and y Add -s
Ex. boy-boys, key-keys
- Nouns ending with -f or -fe Add -s to most nouns,
Change f to v and -es to other nouns
Ex. wife-wives, belief-beliefs
- Nouns ending with a vowel and o Add -s
Ex. video-videos, radio-radios
- Nouns ending with a consonant and o Generally add -s, but
Ex. potato-potatoes, piano-pianos
On the other hand, these rules may not be applicable to some other nouns – the “Irregular Nouns”.
TIPS IN FORMING THE PLURALS OF IRREGULAR NOUNS
- Changing some letters in the singular form.
- Add some letters to the singular form.
- Some irregular nouns have the same singular and plural forms.
Chinese- Chinese salmon-salmon
KINDS OF NOUNS
Proper Nouns – are particular/specific names of persons, places, things or events.
They are always capitalized.
Common Nouns – general names of persons, places, things or events.
They are not capitalized, except if they begin a sentence.
GENDER OF NOUNS
Gender– is the quality of a noun that distinguishes sex.
There are three genders involved: Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter.
Masculine – denotes the male sex.
Feminine – denotes the female sex.
Neuter – does not denote any of the sexes.
Noun Counters – are signal words that pluralize nouns.
Lists of Noun Counters:
- a few
- a dozen
- Many students are at the campsite.
- Several children are cleaning the place.
- A hundred scouts are going to the camp.
- A dozen campers are girls.
- Ten campers have been assigned to check on the cleanliness in the camp.
Count Nouns, Non-count Nouns and Partitives
Count Nouns – Nouns that can be counted.
Non-count Nouns – Nouns that cannot be counted and it is also called Mass Nouns
Collective Nouns – are name of groups of people, places, and animals.
Collective Nouns for People
Collective Nouns for Places – require to use article “the”
- the United Kingdom
- the United Sates of America
- the Alps
- the Canary Islands
- the Great Lakes
Collective Nouns for Animals
- a flock of birds, chickens
- a school of fish
- a pride of lions
- a hive of bees
- a swarm of ants, bees, flies
- a herd of cattle, sheep, goats