- Used to divide a piece of writing into sentences, clauses, etc.
- Any of various standardized marks or signs used in punctuation.
5 Basic Punctuation Marks
- Comma ( , ) – A punctuation mark, that is used to separate words or group of words in a sentence.
There are 7 comma rules to consider. . . continue…
2. Period ( . ) – the full pause with which the utterance of a sentence closes. End or stop.
– a point ( . ), used to mark the end (as of a declarative sentence or an abbreviation).
When to Use a Period (. )?
- Place a period as a decimal point.
- The price of vegetable increased by 3.5 percent.
2. Use a period ( . ) to separate dollar whole amount and centavo.
- Sarah paid $62.50 for the book.
3. Place a period ( . ) after an abbreviation.
- The students greeted Mr. Smith cheerfully.
- The search for Mr. and Ms. International.
4. Place a period ( . ) after an initial.
- I have just finished reading a book by T.S Elliot.
5. Place a period ( . ) at the end of the sentence.
- Claire dances gracefully.
- Vaughn loves to read.
3. Exclamation Point ( ! )
- Exclamation – a sharp or sudden cry: a word, phrase, or sound that expresses a strong emotion.
- Exclamation point ( ! ) – a punctuation mark, used to show a forceful way of speaking or a strong feeling.
When to Use an Exclamation Point ( ! )?
Exclamation Point ( ! ) Rule:
- Place an Exclamation Point ( ! ) on the words that stressed strong emotions. Usually placed at the end of a sentence, phrase, or word to indicate a strong emotion.
Note: Never use more than one exclamation point.
- “ouch”!, he jumped.
- “wow”!, he cried.
4. Question Mark ( ! )
- is used after a direct question to indicate doubt or being uncertain to something.
When to Use a Question Mark ( ? )?
Question Mark ( ? ) Rule:
- Place a Question Mark at the end of a question.
- Did you talk to Laura?
- Why do birds fly?
- How have you been?
5. Apostrophe ( ‘ )
- used to show some letters/letter was omitted or letter/letters being added
When to Use an Apostrophe ( ‘ )?
Apostrophe Rule ( ‘ ) Rules:
- Use an Apostrophe in a possessive noun.
- Jelly’s composition is very interesting.
- Danna’s recital was very entertaining.
2. Use an Apostrophe in contraction to show where letter/letters have been omitted or left out.
- This isn’t my book.
- I haven’t heard from Ciara since he transferred to another university.