English Proficiency Test (EPT) Reviewer – Reading Comprehension Practice Part 7
- The unprecedented and increasing volume of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW’s) migration from the Philippines has unquestionably helped ease unemployment and generate foreign exchange earning.
- General findings of students made about our OFW’s have yielded the following: OFW’s are mostly in their thirties, educated beyond high school, most are married. Workers who are single are more likely to be female, relatively younger and better educated than their married counterpart. In addition, both male and female OFW’s are for the most part, better educated than their parents who hardly reached the secondary level of education.
- Many of the OFWs who have established residence in Metro Manila are “migrants from far flung province.” For example, a large percentage of seamen were born in the Visayas. At the same time, a number of hose born in nearby regions such as Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog have retained their provincial residence. It is probable that because of proximity of these regions to the metropolitan area, such workers opted to stay in their place origin.
- The land-based workers profile is dominated by Saudi Arabia as a country of employment. Other Middle East destinations include Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Libya, Kuwait and Bahrain. In the case of seamen, some 50% of ships are registered in either Liberia or Panama. Such country employment focus should not prevent recognition of the very wide geographical dispersion of Filipino workers in countries all over the word.
- Given the low level of Philippine monthly earnings and a household size of about 5 persons to support, the average workers view contact employment as a temporary means to secure a higher income. In addition to the generally increased level of living standards, overseas workers’ target include acquisition of a house and lot, setting up one’s own business, education of children and family security.
- By and large, OFW’s are skilled and experienced workers. Overseas jobs entail either similar or additional responsibilities relative to their previous jobs in the Philippines. In most cases, employment skill are fully utilized overseas but, for a minority, there is little or no use of skills previously learned in the Philippines.
- OFW’s holding positions overseas are generally very satisfied with their jobs and working conditions. A factor to consider in job satisfaction, however, is the country of employment. It appears that workers in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East countries are relatively less satisfied than workers employed in Europe, America, and Asia.
1. What is the selection is all about?
A. Solutions to problems of overseas Filipino workers
B. A profile of overseas Filipino workers
C. A study made by overseas Filipino workers
D. Problems faced by overseas Filipino workers
2. Most OFW’s are in their thirties because they
A. are more prepared to take risks and are more ambitious.
B. Are more mature and confident than those who are younger.
C. Have a family to support and thus need a higher income.
D. Have tried working locally but were unsuccessful.
3. To whom does “their” in the last sentence of the second paragraph refer to?
A. Parents of male and female OFW’s C. female OFW’s
B. Male and female OFW’s D. male OFW’s
4. Which of the following statements is true, based on the selection?
A. OFW’s in the Middle East and those in Europe, America, and Asia are not satisfied with their work.
B. OFW’s in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East are generally mosre satisfied than OFW’s in Europe, America, and Asia.
C. OFW’s in the Middle East countries and those in America, Europe, and Asia are generally well satisfied with their work.
D. OFW’s in Europe, America, and Asia are generally more satisfied than those who work in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East countries.
5. Which paragraph mentions the countries wherein most overseas Filipino workers are employed?
A. Fourth Paragraph B. Third Paragraph C. Fifth paragraph D. Last Paragraph
6. What conclusion may be derived based on the foregoing discussion?
A. Most OFW’s come from poor families.
B. It is difficult for OFW’s to stay employed abroad.
C. Families of OFW’s prosper due to a large income.
D. OFW’s work abroad to improve their family living conditions.
7. What might happen if most Filipinos continue to prefer working abroad than in their own country?
A. The economy will suffer from the loss of its most skilled workers.
B. The economy will remain as it is in spite of workers going abroad.
C. The country will become rich because of foreign workers’ earnings.
D. The country will become highly industrialized.